CUNY BC Model for Breast Cancer Among Hispanic Women Outline Nursing Assignment Help

Apr 30, 2024

The PEN-3 Model is used to assess the behavioral diversity impacting a culturally specific target population related to a health issue.

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In this assignment, you will select a culturally specific target audience and a related health and wellness issue from the literature. For example, you might select diabetes or hypertension among African Americans or breast cancer among Hispanic women. Then you will assess health and wellness influences on the target audience using the domains of the PEN-3 Model.

NOTE: You will use the work completed in the Module 4 assignment in the Module 5 assignment.

  • Create a paper in a Word document for your response. Use APA format.
  • Create a title page and references page in APA format.
  • Follow the steps to complete the assignment.

Step 1. Select the target audience from the literature for the PEN-3 Model assessment.

Step 2. In a Word document, use the domains of the PEN-3 Model to develop an outline of the domains as they relate to the selected target audience and health issue.

Example outline:

  1. Cultural Identity
    1. Person
      1. (You may have as many points as needed.)
    2. Extended Family
    3. Neighborhood
  2. Relationships and Expectations
    1. Perceptions
      1. (You may have as many points as needed.)
    2. Enablers
    3. Nurturers
  3. Cultural Empowerment
    1. Positive
      1. (You may have as many points as needed.)
    2. Existential
    3. Negative

Expert Solution Preview

The PEN-3 Model is a framework that is utilized to evaluate the various behavioral influences on a specific culturally diverse target population concerning a health issue. This model encompasses three main domains: Cultural Identity, Relationships and Expectations, and Cultural Empowerment. In this assignment, students are required to select a culturally specific audience and a corresponding health and wellness issue from the literature, and then utilize the domains of the PEN-3 Model to outline the influences on the target audience.


Step 1: The target audience selected from the literature for the PEN-3 Model assessment is African American women and breast cancer.

Step 2: Outline of the domains of the PEN-3 Model as they relate to African American women and breast cancer:

I. Cultural Identity
A. Person
1. Beliefs and attitudes towards breast cancer screening
2. Traditional healing practices and their perception of effectiveness
3. Cultural norms and values influencing healthcare decisions

B. Extended Family
1. Family history of breast cancer and its impact on personal risk perception
2. Support and involvement of family members in seeking preventive measures
3. The role of family in decision-making related to breast cancer treatment

C. Neighborhood
1. Availability and accessibility of healthcare facilities for breast cancer screening and treatment
2. Influence of neighborhood resources and social networks on health-seeking behavior
3. Cultural barriers and stigmas related to breast cancer within the community

II. Relationships and Expectations
A. Perceptions
1. Perception of breast cancer as a taboo or sensitive topic
2. Perception of the effectiveness and safety of modern medical treatments
3. Trust in healthcare providers and their recommendations for breast cancer prevention and treatment

B. Enablers
1. Supportive community programs and resources promoting breast health awareness
2. Public health campaigns addressing breast cancer disparities among African American women
3. Culturally tailored educational initiatives to enhance knowledge about breast cancer risks and prevention

C. Nurturers
1. Role of community leaders and influencers in raising awareness about breast cancer
2. Mentorship programs and peer support for African American women affected by breast cancer
3. Importance of family and social support in coping with breast cancer diagnosis and treatment

III. Cultural Empowerment
A. Positive
1. Culturally sensitive healthcare providers addressing the specific needs and concerns of African American women
2. Empowering narratives and success stories of African American breast cancer survivors
3. Inclusion and representation of African American women in breast cancer research and advocacy

B. Existential
1. Existential beliefs and spirituality influencing coping mechanisms and decision-making regarding breast cancer
2. Cultural rituals and practices to enhance emotional well-being during the breast cancer journey
3. The role of faith-based organizations in providing support and resources for African American women with breast cancer

C. Negative
1. Disparities in access to quality healthcare and adequate health insurance coverage for breast cancer treatment
2. Historical mistrust of the medical system due to past instances of discrimination and mistreatment
3. Cultural misconceptions and fatalistic attitudes towards breast cancer prognosis and survival

In conclusion, the PEN-3 Model provides a comprehensive framework for assessing the behavioral influences on a culturally specific target audience regarding a health issue. By applying this model to African American women and their experiences with breast cancer, we can gain a deeper understanding of the cultural factors that impact their health outcomes and design appropriate interventions to address the disparities they face.

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